Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India has
issued Environment Impact Assessment Notification dated
14th September,2006 for according Environment Clearance
to 8 categories of industries/projects by the Ministry
of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India and by a State
Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority constituted
by Government of India on the recommendations made by
the State Government. The eight categories of industries/projects
requiring Environmental Clearance are further categorized
into A & B. The 'A' categories of industries are in
terms of production above the specified threshold limits
requiring Environmental Clearance from Ministry of Environment
& Forests, Govt. of India. The 'B' category industries
are smaller units in terms of production with or without
specified minimum threshold of production but production
below that specified for 'A' category. To clear 'B'
category industries, the Central Government has decentralized
the entire process of Environmental Clearance by creating
an independent State Level Environment Impact Assessment
Authority supported by a State Level Expert Appraisal
Committee as per the Notification S.O. No. 255(E) dated
7th February, 2011. Copy of the same is available in
this Home web site. The State Level Environment Impact
Assessment Authority comprises of 3 Members and State
Level Expert Appraisal Committee comprises of 7 Members.
Copy of EIA Notification giving details of category
of 'A' & 'B' industries are available in the MOEF website.
The State Level Environment Assessment Authority is accepting the applications for Environment Clearance. Applications completed in all respects may be addressed to the Member Secretary, State Level Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA), Bihar State Pollution Control Board, Belrton Bhawan, Shastrinagar, Bailey Road,Patna-800023. Applications can be submitted in person/ or by post.
Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification of 4th September,2006 directing that on and from the date of its publication ( i.e. from 7th February,2011) all new projects or activities or expansion or modernization of the existing projects listed in 'B' category entailing capacity addition with change in process or technology in the state of Bihar shall have to obtain environmental clearance.
The concept of Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) has been introduced with the objective of achieving a balance between environmental protection and developmental activities. EIA is a planning tool that is now accepted as an integral component of a sound decision making. The objective of EIA is to anticipate and address potential environmental problems/ concerns at an early stage of project planning and design. EIA and EMP should assist planners and government authorities in decision making process by identifying the key impacts/issues and formulating mitigation measures.
EIA is a process of establishing the changes in the physical, ecological and socio-economic components of the environment before, during and after impending developmental projects so that undesirable effects, if any, can be mitigated.
An EIA has to address the following basic questions:
1. What are the environmental issues of the project and the project site? (Identification)
2. What will be the effect on the changes? ( Prediction)
3. Are the changes significant?? ( Evaluation)
4. What can be done about the adverse impacts? (Mitigation)
5. How can the decision makers and the other concerned agencies be informed?